Prevention of dopaminergic toxicity of MPTP in mice by phenylethylamine, a specific substrate of type B monoamine oxidase.

Abstract

N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is toxic to dopaminergic neurones in several mammalian species including mice. Combined treatment with phenylethylamine prevented in mice the long-term (30 days post-treatment) dopamine depletions in striatum induced by MPTP. Phenylethylamine, a naturally-occurring specific substrate of monoamine oxidase (MAO) type B, probably protects against effects of MPTP by competitively inhibiting the oxidative conversion of MPTP to its toxic metabolite N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion catalysed by MAO-B.

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